16 Weeks of Pregnancy: What to Expect, Do, & Learn


Congratulations! You’re now just a few weeks from the halfway mark. Week 16 brings so many changes to your body and your baby. You also get closer to meeting your little one with every passing day. By now, you likely have a baby bump too.

Let’s not take up too much time anymore ! In this article, we’ll explore what’s happening in week 16 of pregnancy. Read on to see the exciting things happening to your baby and your body.

Your Developing Little One

Your baby is now about the length of an avocado, which is just a bit over 11cm. They also weight nearly about a 100g. Your baby’s head is about a third of their total size. Its facial features are also becoming more defined. It’s able to yawn, make fists, and even thumb-suck! Even its internal organs are beginning to take shape.

By this week, your little one has likely started punching around. And by week 17, you might even be able to feel the infamous baby kicks! We know, how exciting!

Pregnancy Symptoms at Week 16

We know you must be getting tired of some pregnancy symptoms. Just hold on tight for a few months! At week 16, you can expect these body changes and symptoms:


Constipation is a common symptom during pregnancy. This is due to your overactive hormones. They are slowing down the passage of food through your intestines. Drink a lot to help relieve constipation. Also, eat fiber-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables.


Leg Cramps

You may start experiencing leg cramps around this time. They can be painful and uncomfortable. You can help ease the pain by resting. Try doing light stretches or massaging your legs before going to bed.

Mood Swings

It’s totally normal to experience mood swings during pregnancy. This is due to the rapid changes happening in your body. Hormonal imbalances are just one factor. Make sure to take some time off to relax and practice mindfulness.

Talk to your partner, close friends, or family. They can help you feel more loved during this special but challenging time. 

Swollen Hands and Feet

Another common symptom during pregnancy is swelling in the hands and feet. This happens due to the retention of fluids in your body. Rest your feet as much as possible and don’t force yourself to move. Also, wear comfortable shoes or sandals.

Sometimes, your hands and feet may swell if you’re dehydrated. So, drink plenty of water throughout the day.

Shinier Hair

One of the perks of pregnancy is shinier, thicker hair. This is due to the increase in hormones which help boost your hair growth. Enjoy it while it lasts!

Heartburn and Indigestion

Indigestion and heartburn can be quite common during pregnancy. To prevent acid reflux, try to eat small meals throughout the day. Make sure to avoid spicy or greasy foods which may make symptoms worse.


Sore Breasts

Your breasts will continue to grow during this stage of pregnancy. They may also become more sensitive and sore. This is due to the hormones which are preparing your body for breastfeeding. Wear a supportive bra. Make sure it fits properly so you don’t feel too uncomfortable.

Urine or Vaginal Infections

You need to look out for sudden changes in your body. Ring up your doctor if you experience the following:

  • Pain during urination
  • An abnormal discharge
  • Foul odor

Pains on the Side of the Abdomen

It’s normal to experience slight pains on either side of your belly. This is due to your uterus growing and stretching as it prepares for childbirth. Make sure to rest when you can. Also, dial your doctor if you’re worried or concerned about something.

Feeling Bloated

As your uterus continues to grow, it may cause you to feel bloated. This is due to the additional pressure on your abdomen. To reduce bloating, try doing light exercises or taking a warm bath.

Swollen and Bleeding Gums

Swollen and bleeding gums may be a sign of pregnancy gingivitis. This is due to the increase in hormones which can cause your gums to become more sensitive. Make sure to practice good oral hygiene habits and talk with your dentist if you have any concerns.


Taking Care of Yourself and Your Baby at Week 16

Your health is the priority now that you have a little one inside you. To do this, make sure you try the following:

  1. Eat a healthy and balanced diet. Make sure to include plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  2. Drink plenty of fluids. This will help you stay hydrated and reduce constipation.
  3. Get enough rest. Sleep for 8-10 hours each night.
  4. Stay active. Do light exercises such as walking or yoga. This will help you keep your energy levels up and alleviate any aches or pains.
  5. Practice self-care. Take some time for yourself and do things that you enjoy. You can read a book, listen to music, or take a nice, hot bath. You can also take care of your skin, especially your belly.

Pre-Natal Appointments at 16 Weeks Pregnant

It’s important to attend pre-natal appointments with your doctor. This is so they can monitor the health of you and your baby. During these visits, you’ll get an ultrasound to check on your baby’s growth. Your doctor will also ask about any symptoms you experience.

Birthing Classes at the 16th Week of Pregnancy

It’s a good idea to start looking into birthing classes. These will help you prepare for the birth of your baby. Your instructor will also teach you what to expect during delivery. You will learn about the supplies you will need too, such as diapers, cribs, maternity wear, and others.

During these classes, you will be taught about:

1. The different types of deliveries

2. Pain management techniques

3. How to care for a newborn

4. How to care for yourself

To Wrap Up

You may be feeling overwhelmed by all of the changes happening in your body. That is totally normal. Try to take some time for yourself. Also, relax and enjoy the journey. Remember to keep up with your pre-natal appointments and attend birthing classes when you can. These steps will help ensure that both you and your baby stay healthy.

Good luck!

Kathy Urbanski

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